This week’s article adds another major feature to the C++ scripting system: delegates. These are vital so C++ game code can use features like Unity’s UI system (a.k.a. UGUI). Without them, we wouldn’t be able to handle button clicks or other UI events. So read on to learn how these were implemented in the GitHub project.
Posts Tagged handle
Last week in the series we took a step back to verify that the C++ plugin’s performance was acceptable. With that confirmed, we’ll continue this week by making our programming lives easier. One pain point so far has been with exposing new Unity APIs to C++. It’s not that it’s difficult to do this, but there’s a lot of boilerplate required. That boilerplate takes time to write and it’s easy to make mistakes copying and pasting existing functions. So this week’s article introduces a code generator that will write the boilerplate for us! We’ll also reorganize the project a little so the code that supports C++ scripting is separated away from our game code. That’ll make it easy to add support for C++ scripting to any Unity project.
In the first three parts of this series, we focused on setting up a development environment that makes it easy and safe to write our game code in C++. Today’s article takes a step back to assess where we are in terms of performance. Is what we’ve built so far viable, or are the calls between C# and C++ too expensive? To find out we’ll use the existing framework to write some simple performance tests.
Last week’s article continued the series by eliminating the need to reboot the editor for every change to the C++ plugin. The idea is to make a more productive environment for us, the programmers, to work in. This week we’ll continue that theme by mimicking the object-oriented Unity API in C++. So instead of
int transformHandle = GameObjectGetTransform(goHandle) we’ll write a more familiar
Transform transform = go.GetTransform(). Also, we’ll build a simple system to automatically clean up object handles so we don’t have to do that manually.
Last week we began the series by establishing two-way communication between C# and C++. We used object handles to pass class instances between the two languages. Everything was going great, but then there was a major productivity problem: we had to restart the Unity editor every time we changed the C++ plugin. Today’s article is all about how to overcome that obstacle so you can iterate on your code just like with C#.
For all of the nice things about C#, writing code with it also comes with a lot of downsides. We spend so much time working around the garbage collector, working around IL2CPP, and worrying about what’ll happen if we use a foreach loop. Today’s article starts a series that explores what would happen if we escaped .NET and wrote our code as a C++ plugin instead of using C#.
Structs can be a great way to keep the garbage collector off your back and to use the CPU’s data cache more effectively. Not everything can be a struct though. At a minimum, you’ll need to use some Unity and .NET classes like
string. If your struct has any of these as fields, you can no longer use
sizeof(MyStruct). That really limits its usefulness, so a workaround is needed. Enter object handles: a simple way to represent any
object as a plain old
int which won’t break
sizeof. Read on to see how these work and some code you can easily drop into your project to start using them right away!