Posts Tagged iterator

A Simpler Finite State Machine (FSM)

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In my last article about Finite State Machines (FSM) for Unity, I showed a “pure code” way to create a state machine, states, and transitions between those states. It worked, but I wanted to create a simpler system. I’ll show you it today!

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Catching Exceptions in Coroutines

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Unity code frequently makes use of the coroutine feature of MonoBehaviour. It can make asynchronous code a lot easier to write, but runs into problems when exceptions are thrown. There’s no avoiding exceptions since they’re built into C# (e.g. NullReferenceException) but we can cope with them, even when they’re in coroutines. Today’s article introduces a helper function or two that you can drop into your projects to help you handle exceptions thrown from your coroutines. Read on to learn how!

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How to Easily Use Callback Functions in Coroutines

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In asynchronous programming we’re constantly dealing with callback functions. Maybe you have to call some function in a third party library that takes a callback function. Regardless, Unity programmers often want to use coroutines for their asynchronous tasks. Today’s article show you how you can use callback-based code from your coroutines, all while being simple and easy to use. Read on to learn how!

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Iterators vs. Callbacks: Performance and Garbage

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Iterator functions and their ability to yield return values then continue on really come in handy for a variety of situations. Unfortunately, they come with some pretty serious performance and garbage creation drawbacks. So today’s article explores alternatives in various forms of callbacks: delegates, interfaces, and classes. Can they perform better than iterator functions? Can they avoid garbage creation? Read on to find out!

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The Many Types and Dangers of Callbacks

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Callbacks are a mainstay of the real-time games and apps we build in Unity. We’re constantly writing asynchronous code for every operation from walking a character to a destination to making a web call. It’s really convenient for these functions to “call back” and report their status so we know how the operation is going. Unfortunately there are also a lot of dangers that come along with this. Today we’ll look into the surprisingly large number of ways you can “call back” in C# and some of the ways you can get burned doing so.

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Enumerables Without the Garbage: Part 7

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Today we’ll wrap up the iterator series by finishing up porting C++’s <algorithm> header. We end up with a library of functions for common LINQ-style algorithms but without any of the garbage creation that slows our games down. Read on for the source and examples!

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Enumerables Without the Garbage: Part 6

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We’re nearing the end of the series to build a no-garbage replacement for System.Linq. Today we tackle functions that work on already-sorted ranges and functions that work on ranges that are in heap order. These include common set operations like “union” and “intersection”. Read on to see how to use them and for the updated library that you can use to eliminate your garbage creation!

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Enumerables Without the Garbage: Part 5

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This week we continue with iterators to get the functionality of IEnumerable without the nasty garbage creation. This week the little iterator library gets support for sorting and binary searching. Read on for the details!

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Enumerables Without the Garbage: Part 4

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Back from a brief break, we pick up this week by finishing up the “modifying sequence operations” with some gems like RandomShuffle and go through the “partitions” category with functions like Partition and IsPartitioned. These are all solid algorithms with a lot of potential uses, so read on to see how to use them with iterators and for the source code that implements them!

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Enumerables Without the Garbage: Part 3

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Continuing the series this week we’ll delve into the iterator functions that modify the sequence. This includes handy tools like Copy, SwapRanges, and Transform. Of course this is all done without creating any garbage! Read on to see how and for the full source code.

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